Sacrifice ceremony – origin of tradition
In the Islamic calendar, the second most important the celebration is the days of Eid – Adha, The Great Feast or Feast of Sacrifice. Held after the haje (days of pilgrimage to Mecca), this Muslim festival marks one of the main rites of the Muslim tradition, of equal importance to the month of fasting (month of Ramadan).
The Feast of Sacrifice has four days of holidays. In Turkey, if some of these days are during the week (business days), the bazaars do not open.
This festival was created by the prophet Abraham and marks the origin of the progeny of the Prophet Muhammed (s.a.v).
Here is the tale:
“Abraham was already old and had no children. For fear of losing their generation, Abraham and his wife Sara begged God for an heir.
After many prayers for an heir, Sara heard this plea from Abraham:
– I want the son so much that he subsequently sacrifices him for my God.
Hearing this, Sara started to feel sad, and she gave up her happiness and asked Abraham to marry Hagar.
One day, Abraham was at home and received the visit of angels and Gabriel was among them, announcing that he was going to have a son. Surprised, Abraham asked:
– How can I have a child at the age, when I feel so much pain in my knees?
The angel Gabriel responded by asking him to repeat the second prayer and even though he was very old, he would have a son.
– Subbbuhun, Kuddüsun, Rabbuna ve Rabbul Melaiketih ve el- Ruh. They taught him.
Shortly afterward, Agar becomes pregnant. The couple was very happy, but Sara was jealous, asked Abraham and Sara not to show up. Lucky for her that later she would have a son with Abraham .
After that, Abraham and Agar migrated to the Mecca valley, where there was still no human habitation.
In this migration, Ismael was born.
In Damascus, Abraham had a dream that said: – Keep the promise of your prayer. Referring to your son’s sacrifice for God!
He returned to his home with heartache for suffering from internal fear. How would he say to his wife that he would have to sacrifice his son so dreamed, to fulfill what was promised in his prayer? How would he explain this to his son?
Abraham faithful for his love for God could not think of failing to keep his promise. Then he commented to his wife.
The two cried, and the faithful mother told him. – If you received this command from God, we are all ready for this sacrifice.
With his wife, Abraham reveals the dream to his son.
– Dear son, you know how I love you. But I received the command from God that I should sacrifice you, thus demonstrating all my obedience to God. What do you think?
Obedient Ishmael did not hesitate and told his father that he could do it.
– Father does whatever is necessary to obey the command of our God. Do God’s will. So you will not have a disobedient child before God. Do as you are told. You will find me among the obedient.
Everything was settled and the mother asked that the sacrifice not be made near the house where they lived.
Ismail gave his mother a strong hug to calm her down. – Mother Calm. Our God commanded He knows everything and everything. Abraham and Ismail left and when climbing a mountain, Ismael asked his father to take his shirt to his mother, so that she would inherit her shirt smelling clean.
Ismael asked his father to sharpen the knife so that he would not get tired at the time of slaughter.
He asked his father to tie him up well, so he wouldn’t be afraid to show a possible reaction feeling the suffering of cutting.
He asked the father to turn his face to the ground, so that the father would not see the face of his own son being sacrificed, and thus carry out God’s order.
The obedient father and out of fear of God did everything his son asked. She took off his shirt and put it in a corner so it wouldn’t get dirty, tied it tight, sharpened the knife, and turned his son’s face on the floor.
After a few moments of reluctance with himself, Abraham decided to do just that. I said – I’ll do it like this.
He put the knife to his beloved son’s neck, tried to cut it but it was not possible. The cut did not happen. He checked the knife and saw that it was very sharp.
– Because that does not cut, he said.
He tried again and again the knife did not cut. He tested the cut of the knife on a stone and the stone was cut.
– How can I not sacrifice my son, if that knife cuts even a stone? – Exclaimed Abraham.
At that moment Abraham heard the celebration of the Angel Gabriel saying to him – You all won. Gabriel asked Abraham not to slaughter his son, but an Aries (ram) provided by God.
Thus began the the tradition of sacrificing an animal on the days of 10-11 and 12 of the month of Zilhicce, the days of ‘Eyyâm-ı nahr’ (days of slaughter”).
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