Everything you need to know about PRP procedure
Hair loss continues to be a recurring complaint in dermatology clinics around the world. The latest estimates corroborate this reality: in total, there are more than two billion bald people on the whole planet.
Generally related to health issues of diverse natures – such as stress, decreased hormone production and autoimmune diseases (although it may also be associated with factors of external origins, such as excessive chemical in the wires) -, the pathology ends up affecting in different ways the self-esteem of men and women, leading to even social isolation.
It is precisely in this context that, in an attempt to solve this problem, several scientific studies continue to search for innovative treatment options in the area, with one of the recent responses resulting from this process is the so-called PRP procedure, about which you may have heard, right?
But, after all, what is a PRP procedure?
Despite its repercussion, the fact is that many people are still unaware of the potential of this method.
PRP (platelet-rich plasma) can be described as an autologous technique since it uses blood plasma cells taken from the patient for the natural regeneration of the cells of the body.
As its name suggests, plasma has a generous amount of platelets, which in turn have a high concentration of a substance called a “growth factor” – an element that can be injected directly into the scalp or applied during the hair transplant. In this way, PRP stimulates existing terminal cells inside the dermis of the scalp, promoting the development of new hair strands.
How is the PRP technique applied?
The first stage of the treatment consists of collecting small blood samples, which are then processed in a centrifuge to separate the red blood cells from the whites and obtain the platelet-rich plasma.
In the second stage, the obtained material is injected directly into the scalp, with the use of an anesthetic cream that avoids any kind of painful reaction.
After the procedure, the plasma acts by reactivating the dead cells, stimulating hair growth in the area affected by the problem.
What are the advantages of the PRP procedure?
Compare with others treatments that also aim at capillary growth, the PRP proved to be superior due to the capacity of healing, coagulation and tissue regeneration demonstrated by the growth factor (FC), which is found specifically in platelets and acts directly in the functioning of the hair follicle, increasing its vascularization and favoring hair birth.
Another great advantage of the PRP procedure lies in the fact that the technique offers no risk of rejection since the substance used is withdrawn from the patient himself. Therefore, it can be said that the procedure is extremely safe and free from side effects.
Also, the treatment is indicated for all men and women with alopecia, especially those who are in an advanced stage of baldness due to genetic causes. Therefore, PRP is considered an ideal way to promote the strengthening of the hair follicle to be able to perform the implant.
Would the PRP procedure be a definitive technique or not?
Because it is a technique that redirects the growth factor (FC) generated by the body itself to a region that presents progressive deficiency, the results are very satisfactory.
In cases of severe hair loss (telogen effluvium), the treatment tends to act definitively, recovering the hair completely. In other conditions, such as androgenetic alopecia (more commonly known as “hereditary baldness”), which is usually total, it is recommended to repeat therapy every year for best results. In this case, the application of PRP can be performed in parallel to other solutions for alopecia, such as micrografting and hair transplantation.
Are there contraindications to the procedure?
People with diseases that compromise blood quality, such as HIV, hepatitis C, and sickle cell anemia cannot undergo PRP procedure because treatment depends directly – and integrally – on the patient’s blood.
What are the average time and general indications for the treatment?
On average, at least 8 sessions of PRP are indicated, which can be performed at intervals of two weeks between them. Thus, the average duration of treatment is usually four months.
However, it should be noted that, for the correct indication and realization of the capillary PRP procedure, the evaluation of a specialist remains indispensable. Therefore, at the first sign of a larger amount of hair loss than usual, schedule an appointment with the dermatologist, understand the actual health situation of your scalp and wires and follow your doctor’s instructions correctly!