Turkish Culture: a brief overview of the origin of the Turkish people
Learn a little more about the legacy and history of the people who inhabit the Eurasian nation, whose tradition and influence in the world began more than 4000 years ago and persists until the present day. Check out:
The history of Turkish civilization has more than 4000 years. The first peoples known as “Turks” were reputed to inhabit the region of central Asia around 2000 BC. Then, these nomadic populations established several states and empires in various places in the territory of Europe and Asia. Among these early empires, the most prominent are: The Great Hun Empire (3rd century BC), the Göktürk Empire (552-740), the Uigur Empire (741-840), the Avar Empire (6-9 century AD), the Hazar Empire (5th-10th century AD) and the Great Seljuk Empire (1040-1157).
- Turks in the Anatolia region (11th century)
Among their endless migrations, the Turks began to inhabit the region known as Anatolia during the early years of the 11th century. Furthermore, the victory of the Seljuks against the Byzantines at the Battle of Manziquerta in 1071 opened the gates of Anatolia to the Turks. Then, after dominating the territory of Anatolia, the Turks defined the first capital of Anatolia – the Sultanate of Konya.
- Ottoman Period (1299-1923)
The Seljuk state quickly lost its influence due to the Mongol invasion, which began in 1243. During this period of decline in the Anatolian region, many principalities of Turkmen origin settled in the region as early as the end of the 13th century. This early population was named after its founder, Commander Osman.
Throughout the 14th century, the Ottomans quickly established themselves throughout the Middle East region. In 1453, during the reign of Sultan Mehmet (Muhammad) II, they captured the city of Constantinople, causing the fall of the Byzantine empire and marking the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the New Age.
Still in this same period, due to the excellent strategies of Muhammad II (which received the nickname “The Conqueror), the Ottoman state entered a period of high development, which continued in rapid progress until the middle of the 16th century. Ottoman dominated the areas that are now known as Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Albania and Romania, and several islands in the western Mediterranean, while the empire’s borders extended from southern Crimea to northern Yemen, to the west. Austria and southwestern Spain.
However, from the last years of the 16th century, the empire began to lose its influence and its military and economic superiority concerning Europe, which was developing rapidly during the Renaissance period. Also, several European states were conquering new territories and began to have access to new raw materials. Also, unlike the territories that belonged to the Ottoman empire, many countries in Europe entered the period known as the “Industrial Revolution”. Another factor that contributed to the fall of the empire was the uprising of several nationalist movements that requested independence from their respective nations.
The weakening of the Empire continued during the First World War. The Ottomans entered the conflict alongside the Allied powers and defeated the war in 1918, forced to sign the Armistice of Mondros on October 30, 1918. Under this Armistice, the territories of the Ottoman Empire were occupied by Great Britain, France, Russia, and Greece.
- Turkish Republic (1923 – current period)
A national resistance and liberation movement emerged as a reaction under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, an Ottoman military commander who mobilized the nation in search of national independence. He united sporadic and disorganized resistance groups in Anatolia and organized them into a structured army. Under his leadership, the resistance became cohesive and the Turks were able to achieve success through the war for national liberation.
Ataturk ruled the country for 15 years, until his death in 1938. Also, the commander introduced a wide range of reforms in the political, social, legal, economic, and cultural spheres, which made the country stand out from all its neighbors.
Currently, Turkey is a unitary presidential republic and has good relations with the West through the NATO pact. In addition, due to its strategic location, relatively stable economy, and modern armed force, the country is considered a “regional power”.
How can the Guide in Turkey help me to get to know the incredible culture of the country?
Would you like to know a little more about the incredible history of Turkey? We can help you learn more about the culture of this incredible country.
In our itineraries, we go through some points that will enrich your cultural baggage.
Through our main packages “7 days for Turkey” and “11 days for Turkey”, you will get to know all periods of Turkish civilization in chronological order – starting with the Hittite empire, going through the Byzantine empire, the powerful Ottoman empire, and still observing the contemporary changes.
In addition, we offer packages with different destinations across the country, in addition to various services.
For reservations, questions, and more information, please contact:
+90 536 273 59 61